HIV Treatments

There is no functional cure to HIV or AIDS. What does it mean? There is no procedure or medication which has been scientifically proven to reliably eliminate the virus from a person’s body or reverse the damage to the immune system.

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Nowadays, everybody is part of the lucky ones!

Until now, there have been many advances in HIV treatments and therapies in recent years that have dramatically improved the quality of life of people with HIV, and more people are living longer with HIV than we used to think was possible. HIV is treated using a combination of medicines to fight HIV infection. This is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). It isn’t a cure, but it can control the virus so that you can live a longer, healthier life and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.

These HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying (making copies of itself), which reduces the amount of HIV in your body. Having less HIV in your body gives your immune system a chance to recover and fight off infections and cancers. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off diseases.

The choice of HIV medicines to include in an HIV regimen depends on a person’s individual needs. When choosing an HIV regimen, people with HIV and their health care providers consider different factors. There are several recommended HIV regimens, but selecting the best regimen for a particular person depends on the factors listed below:

  • Other diseases or conditions that the person with HIV may have.
  • Possible side effects of HIV medicines.
  • Potential interactions between HIV medicines or between HIV medicines and other medicines the person with HIV is taking.
  • Results of drug-resistance testing (and other tests). Drug-resistance testing identifies which, if any, HIV medicines won’t be effective against a person’s HIV.
  • Convenience of the regimen. For example, a regimen that includes two or more HIV medicines combined in one pill is convenient to follow.
  • Any issues that can make it difficult to follow an HIV regimen, such as a busy schedule that changes from day to day.
  • Cost of HIV medicines.

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